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Wellington Primary School

Numeracy curriculum overviews

EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage)

Age Range: 3-5 years (Nursery and Reception)

Focus Areas:

1. Number:

  • Recognizing and counting numbers.
  • Understanding and using numbers up to 20.
  • Simple addition and subtraction with objects.
  • Developing a basic understanding of more and less.

2. Shape, Space, and Measures:

  • Recognizing and naming basic shapes (circle, square, triangle, etc.).
  • Understanding and comparing sizes, weights, and capacities.
  • Recognizing patterns and using positional language (e.g., above, below).

Key Skills Developed:

  • Counting reliably with numbers from 1 to 20.
  • Using quantities and objects to add and subtract two single-digit numbers.
  • Solving problems involving doubling, halving, and sharing.
  • Understanding the concepts of measurement and time.


Key Stage 1 (KS1)

Age Range: 5-7 years (Year 1 and Year 2)

Focus Areas:

1. Number and Place Value:

  • Counting to and across 100.
  • Understanding place value (tens and ones).
  • Reading and writing numbers up to 100.

2. Addition and Subtraction:

  • Solving simple addition and subtraction problems.
  • Understanding and using the concepts of adding and subtracting one-digit and two-digit numbers.

3. Multiplication and Division:

  • Beginning to learn multiplication tables (typically 2, 5, and 10).
  • Solving problems involving grouping and sharing.

4. Fractions:

  • Recognizing, finding, and naming a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape, or quantity.

5. Measurement:

  • Understanding and using terms related to length, mass, volume, and time.
  • Recognizing and using coins and money.

6. Geometry:

  • Identifying and describing basic 2D and 3D shapes.
  • Understanding position and direction.

Key Skills Developed:

  • Using numbers confidently for counting, ordering, and simple calculations.
  • Applying basic arithmetic in practical contexts.
  • Understanding basic geometric shapes and measurement concepts.


Key Stage 2 (KS2)

Age Range: 7-11 years (Year 3 to Year 6)

Focus Areas:

1. Number and Place Value:

  • Working with numbers up to at least 1,000 in Year 3, and up to 10,000,000 by Year 6.
  • Understanding and using place value in increasingly large numbers.

2. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division:

  • Mastery of all four operations, including long multiplication and division.
  • Solving multi-step problems using these operations.

3. Fractions, Decimals, and Percentages:

  • Understanding fractions, decimals, and percentages and how they relate.
  • Performing calculations with fractions and decimals.
  • Converting between fractions, decimals, and percentages.

4. Ratio and Proportion:

  • Understanding and solving problems involving ratio and proportion (typically introduced in upper KS2).

5. Algebra:

  • Introduction to basic algebraic concepts, including simple equations and sequences.

6. Measurement:

  • Converting between different units of measurement.
  • Understanding perimeter, area, and volume.

7. Geometry:

  • Understanding properties of shapes, angles, and symmetry.
  • Plotting points and interpreting graphs on the coordinate plane.

8. Statistics:

  • Collecting, analyzing, and presenting data using charts and graphs.

Key Skills Developed:

  • Fluency in arithmetic and number operations.
  • Problem-solving using a variety of mathematical concepts.
  • Applying mathematical knowledge to real-world situations.


General Progression

  • EYFS: Foundation in counting, basic shapes, and simple mathematical concepts through play and exploration.
  • KS1: Building on the foundation with basic arithmetic, simple problem-solving, and introduction to formal mathematical language.
  • KS2: Developing fluency and confidence in arithmetic, complex problem-solving, and deeper understanding of mathematical concepts including fractions, geometry, and introductory algebra.

This structured progression ensures that children develop a solid foundation in mathematics, preparing them for the more advanced concepts they will encounter in secondary education and beyond.

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